Scalp problems – one of the most common reasons to make an appointment with a doctor. Scalp and hair disorders include hair structure defects, baldness, dandruff, itching, hair loss and many other symptoms. All these symptoms can eventually lead to a psycho-emotional discomfort and, as a result, a decline in the quality of life.
There are a lot of different scalp diseases. The most common are:
- Seborrhea is a condition, when sebum formation is interrupted leading to insufficient sebum production. It affects the amount of its production as well as its chemical composition.
- In a healthy body, sebaceous glands contribute to creation of a protective cover over the whole scalp. The cover preserves the skin from the negative effect of UV rays, malignant environmental factors, dryness, and over-hydration. When the sebum secretion reduces, it may lead to low protection, while over-secretion may result in the green house effect. As a result, pores and secretion canals are open, and infection bacteria, with sweating and dirt can easily enter them and get into the body.
- Some medical experts consider seborrheic dermatitis as a separate illness, others say that it’s a complication of seborrhea. A person is likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis, if he or she already suffers from seborrhea or seborrhea-related factors. Dandruff is one of the most spread forms of seborrheic dermatitis. The scalp is mostly exposed to this disease, but other body parts can also get affected. The most typical symptoms are scalp dryness, redness, flaking, sometimes purulent or bloody crusts.
- This is a chronic disease with periodical relapses. Psoriasis is manifested by specific papular eruptions of pinkish or reddish color, covered with silvery flakes. The affected areas have clear boundaries, different shapes, and vary in size from 1-2 mm to 1-2 cm or more.
- Psoriasis can be hereditary or acquired. In the latter case, the disease might be caused by liver dysfunction, endocrine problems or nervous system disorders. The symptoms can be exacerbated by climatic conditions, dysfunction of the digestive system, stress.
- The disease is considered to be incurable, but it is possible to reduce the frequency and severity of the symptoms, as well as to eliminate the consequences.