Head lice
Human Diseases

Head lice

February 6, 2017

Inspection of the child’s head lice

Head lice – a disease of the scalp that develops as a result of human head lice infection. This disease is simply called lice and if we say that it is related with asocial strata of the population, it will be not entirely correct, since lice can live on the head of any person.

Lice live not only on heads, also in wardrobes (inhabiting on the body of people, and lay eggs in the folds of beds and clothing) and the pubic lice (usually settle on hairy areas of the genital area).

In this article we will focus on how to get rid of lice and nits, as they are the most common.

How do you get head lice?

The causative agent of pediculosis (head lice) can not fly and jump, but creeps very well, so infection comes through non-durable contact with lousy head, healthy person can easily get it from the use of clothing (hats, caps), hygiene items (combs, elastics, hair clips), bedding used by the patient.

Most often lice occur in young kids. Children at this age are closely in contact with their peers, their own personal hygiene, but are not always properly, and do not quite understand the need for the individual items of clothing, toiletries, etc.
It should also be noted that adults can very easily catch head lice from their children, so if your child has lice, it is necessary to examine all family members to follow-up treatment of pediculosis special means of lice and disease prevention to be effective.

What is head lice?

Louse – this is a very small parasite that feeds with human blood. Propagated insect eggs (nits), which puts in the hair. Within 15-17 days, the nits are mature individuals capable of reproduction. The longevity of lice depends on gender: females live for about a month, and males – a little less.

Symptoms of lice

The main symptom of head lice – the presence of hair lice and nits. They manifest themselves and immediately, but only after 3-4 weeks after infection.
The main complaint of patients with head lice – itching of the scalp which normally distinguished from itching due to dandruff. On examination, these patients are usually scratching themselves, they have inflammation and even pustules on the skin under the hair.

For some people lice cause a violent reaction of the organism, which manifests severe inflammation at the site of insects bites and even common allergic reactions.

Due to constant scratching the head, it’s appears an infection in the skin, the patient may have increased BTE, cervical lymph nodes and increased body temperature.
Thus, lice – is not only aesthetic inconvenience, but also a lot of other unpleasant problems including deterioration in the health.

Lice Treatment

Home methods to get rid of head lice has long been relegated to the background, as the modern pharmaceutical industry began to produce a variety of remedies for lice: special shampoos, sprays, gels, etc. Their composition is usually composed of the following substances: permethrin, malathion, benzyl, gray-mercury mixture and other active ingredients. There are also a many agents on a natural basis, such as tincture of larkspur field or alcoholic solution hellebore common.

Effective remedies for lice and nits:

Pedilin (shampoo, based on permethrin), Slovenia
Anti-Bit (lice shampoo with sumitrinom), Turkey
Pedeks gel (based on permethrin), Latvia
Pair Plus (aerosol with the active substances malathion, permethrin, piperonyl butoxide), France
Permetrinovaya ointment bactericide, Latvia
Higiya (shampoo with permethrin + comb), Bulgaria
Permethrin-Pharma (topical solution), Belarus
Nittifor (with permethrin solution), Hungary

It is very important in the application of funds by the instructions, as all these drugs are toxic. In addition, improper use of these shampoos and sprays may affect the therapeutic effect.

It is not recommended to use for small children, during allergies and for pregnant women. Getting rid of lice and nits for these patients can be only done by time-tested mechanical methods of removing these parasites – is the hair trimming comb set out above or bold.

You Might Also Like