Everybody knows an unpleasant feeling of being worried about something. Sometimes, a person can feel worried and scared of something, that is not going to happen. There is no actual object, person or situation that might cause this condition. If the person is constantly experiencing these feelings, he or she can suffer from anxiety.
Just like stress, the state of anxiety can be considered equally bad and good.
Quite often, anxiety is completely natural, adequate and even useful. When a person delivers a speech in front an audience or takes an important exam, it is normal to feel anxious. Walking in the street late at night or getting lost in a forest also provokes similar feelings. In these cases, anxiety can do good to us, because it stimulates the brain to work on the solution to the problem better.
However, in some people anxiety acquires a chronic form, that disturbs them not only in stressful situations. This interrupts everyday life and causes discomfort. Moreover, excessive anxiety, tension and fear can be accompanied with physical and psychological ailments.
If anxiety is strong and frequent, an anxiety disorder can be diagnosed.
The main symptoms of anxiety disorder:
- increased heartbeat;
- excessive sweating;
- tremor or trembling;
- difficulty breathing, feeling lump in the throat or difficulty in swallowing;
- pain and discomfort in the chest;
- nausea or abdominal distress (e.g. burning in the stomach);
- feeling unstable or fainting;
- fear to lose control, madness;
- feverish condition or chills;
- muscle tension or pain;
- inability to relax;
- mental stress;
- overactive emotional reaction to life situations;
- difficulty in concentrating attention;
- constant irritability;
- difficulty falling asleep.
Is it necessary to treat pathological anxiety?
Anxiety does not pose any thread to human life. It is a strictly individual decision, to treat anxiety or not. If a person decides to get rid of pathological anxiety, an appropriate treatment has to be prescribed. Normally, it includes psychotherapy in combination with certain sedative medication.